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TECHNOLOGICAL WATCH

Type of information: TECHNICAL ARTICLES

In this section, you can access to the latest technical information related to the PISA project topic.

Sonic Hedgehog upregulation does not enhance the survival and engraftment of stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes in infarcted hearts

Abstract

The engraftment of human stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hSC-CMs) is a promising treatment for remuscularizing the heart wall post-infarction, but it is plagued by low survival of transplanted cells. We hypothesize that this low survival rate is due to continued ischemia within the infarct, and that increasing the vascularization of the scar will ameliorate the ischemia and improve hSC-CM survival and engraftment. An adenovirus expressing the vascular growth factor Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) was injected into the infarcted myocardium of rats immediately after ischemia/reperfusion, four days prior to hSC-CM injection. By two weeks post-cell injection, Shh treatment had successfully increased capillary density outside the scar, but not within the scar. In addition, there was no change in vessel size or percent vascular volume when compared to cell injection alone. Micro-computed tomography revealed that Shh failed to increase the number and size of larger vessels. It also had no effect on graft size or heart function when compared to cell engraftment alone. Our data suggests that, when combined with the engraftment of hSC-CMs, expression of Shh within the infarct scar and surrounding myocardium is unable to increase vascularization of the infarct scar, and it does not improve survival or function of hSC-CM grafts.

» Author: Jill J. Weyers,  Jagadambika J. Gunaje,  Benjamin Van Biber,  Amy Martinson,  Hans Reinecke,  William M. Mahoney,  Stephen M. Schwartz,  Timothy C. Cox,  Charles E

» Reference: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0227780

» Publication Date: 16/01/2020

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