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TECHNOLOGICAL WATCH

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In this section, you can access to the latest technical information related to the PISA project topic.

How to de-risk projects with validations

Nigel Flowers, managing director at Sumitomo (SHI) Demag UK, explains how validations can help to de-risk projects, avoid costly product recalls, and cosmetic product defects. ×

The validation rules, amended in 2015 by the European Commission, continue to apply today. From a UK perspective, it is highly likely that these EU standards will continue to be accepted until UK standards have been developed. CE marking is a case in point and will be accepted for the foreseeable future.

Governed by EudraLex Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) Volume 4, the latest version of Annex 15 - Qualification and Validation - requires manufacturers to ensure that “critical aspects” of their operation are validated throughout the product lifecycle. This includes any changes that could impact a product’s quality. Closely mirroring the FDA’s lifecycle approach, Annex 15 also places a greater emphasis on risk management to reflect today’s manufacturing and regulatory environment. 

For any manufacturer of pharmaceutical components, zero defects remain the target. For example, when producing a medical device or a sterile implant, nothing less than 100% quality is acceptable.

More than good business practice

From a moulder’s perspective, validations can address profit-driven challenges and design out production weaknesses. Functional tests can help operatives better understand what drives the machine, how fast it goes, and the consequences if manufacturing procedures are not correctly followed.

There are three key phases to process validation, categorised as process design, process qualification, and continued process verification. These reflect the focus on the manufacturing lifecycle, and the need to provide scientifically sound data to verify that the injection moulding processes start and continue to remain stable. Every stage of each injection moulding cycle must be documented.

In accordance with ISO 13485 standards, ongoing documentation of the injection moulding process needs to be maintained. This is a continuous process. When machine settings are adjusted to compensate for changes in the environment or to address moulding issues e.g. pulling, distortion, or aesthetic defects, it will trigger a re-validation exercise. So too would major repairs, changes, or improvements to the mould tool and machine. The cost and time implications each time a moulder repeats this validation process can be extensive.

Although not a prerequisite for all sectors, validation is essential within the pharmaceutical industry and is a good business practice for a large number of mass manufacturers of injection moulded medical components. Think of it as a long-term investment. Essentially, it’s a risk assessment which, when executed professionally, can deliver efficiency gains and save your business time, money and resources by ensuring product integrity and reducing scrap volumes.

Who performs mould tool validations?

The process is usually conducted by an engineer, and the actual validation usually takes longer than actually building the tool itself. For this reason, the validation is often partially completed at the toolmakers’ facility by a senior engineer from the company. The key reason for this is issues can be addressed on site, rather than shipping a heavy tool back and forth. The final phases of the validation will be completed in-house on the specified equipment.

It can also be beneficial for injection moulders considering new machinery to test moulding tools in a simulated application centre. Sumitomo (SHI) Demag has facilities in England, Germany and recently opened a new medical test cell in a new research and development hub in Ireland.

Flowers concluded: “Seeing how an application performs in realistic process conditions not only helps moulders to make a more informed investment decision, it can also help to de-risk and speed up the delivery of projects.”   

Tags Sumitomo (SHI) Demag Latest Issue Injection moulding Issue 54

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